Africa is the hottest continent and the second largest in terms of size and population in the world. Around 60% land in the continent is desert, which is why the northern half of the continent has hot and arid weather conditions.
The continent is also known for its tropical diseases such as malaria, cholera etc., and there are several kinds of infections that a traveler might be at risk to. Therefore, it is essential that you keep yourself from harm’s way by avoiding unhygienic food, drinking contaminated water and carrying medicines with you when you travel to African.
Here’s how you can stay healthy in Africa:
Get Vaccinated Before You Leave For Africa
Africa has a severe water problem. Around 80% of diseases that spread in Africa are due to drinking contaminated water which contains many bacteria and viruses. The most common types of diseases that you can get in Africa are typhoid, cholera, malaria etc. Therefore, getting vaccinations for the following diseases is a must:
- Yellow Fever
- Hepatitis A and B.
Other than this, make sure to get insurance as well, and in case you have trouble with it check out here for tips.
Put On Mosquito Repellent When You Go Out
Diseases like malaria and dengue are common in Africa. You never know when a single bite by a mosquito can take the fun out of your trip and put you in bed for a lot of days. Applying mosquito repelled can help keep the mosquitoes away. Use your bed nets too.
Only Drink Bottled Water
Tap water in Africa is not drinkable, and even contains viruses. When you are travelling to Africa make sure that you purchase and drink bottled water of a reputed water company only and drink plenty of it due to severe heat.
The hotter a place, the faster you’ll lose water from your body via sweating and perspiration. Therefore, make sure that you do not compromise on water or else you’ll catch various diseases related to stomach etc.
Be Careful About Your Diet
Food is the best part when you’re travelling. However, while you’re in Africa, you need to be extra careful about it. Always choose a restaurant that prepares fresh food and in a hygienic environment.
Avoid foods that are heavy and hard to digest such as meat etc. Eat light foods, especially fruits and vegetables.
Bathing everyday will keep you clean and tidy and also eliminate risks of getting any skin diseases. But, make sure to use clean water for these purposes. Some parts of Africa do not have clean water for bathing, so make sure to be careful about this aspect.
These are some of the most basic tips that can help you keep healthy and running during your travels to Africa. It is beautiful countries that is famous for its safaris, but when you go on one you open yourself to several risks. Keep these tips in mind and have fun.